Psycosocial Intervention For People Living With Hiv/Aids (PSI)

Introduction

Evidence base researches have shown that the prevalence of psychological problems amongst people living with HIV/AIDS is higher than in the general population. Various psychological sequelae are associated with HIV and its treatment. They include; HIV action in the brain and central nervous system; the neuropsychiatric effects of HIV medications, the psychological impact of HIV and the comorbidity of certain mental illnesses and HIV infection.

Depression has been identified as the most common psychological challenge for people living with HIV/AIDS. People with depression are less likely to adhere to their antiretroviral treatments. Depression can also impact on disease progression, as poor mental health has been shown to increase the rate of immunological decline, leading to faster deterioration than it otherwise would. Poor mental health among PLWHA can affect their abilities to manage the progression of the virus as well as increase the risk of onward transmission.

For more effective health interventions for the affected population and their families to occur, there is a need for assessment of PLWHA for underlying illnesses such as those that could affect treatment adherence and/or sense of judgement. PLWHA who receive appropriate support are more likely to be able to respond adequately to the stress of being infected and are less likely to develop serious mental health problems.

 

Intervention

In partnership with organizations that provide treatment and care for PLWHA, Reconnect HDI aims to render mental health services for PLWHA.

A look at mental health across Africa